Renaissance architecture was considered as the most rising and widely-adopted type of architecture throughout Europe. The period of Renaissance architecture between the 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating an aware Renaissance and strong development of particular elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
In most of the cases, it became popular in Florence, Italy, with renowned architect Filippo Brunelleschi as one of its originators. The architecture of the Renaissance is characterized by the revival of the development of Greek and Roman influence in building styles. It was carried all the way from Italy to other countries and including Germany, Russia, and England.
This was a remarkable time for the methodical formulation of their columns and for their arches and hemispherical cupolas. Here is a list of 20 Renaissance Architecture Characteristics.
Here Are 20 Renaissance Architecture Characteristics
1. Aleviz Fryazin Noviy. Cathedral of the Archangel. Moscow Kremlin, Russia. 1505-1508
It is authorized by Ivan the Great, the Cathedral of the Archangel articulates the impact of Italian Renaissance through the Venetian-style shell scallops along its gables and the stonework on its walls. In most of the cases, it holds holy relics of the Orthodox church and played an important role in Russian political history.
2. Andres de Vandelvira. Jaen Cathedral. Jaen, Spain. 1249-1724
It is one of the best conserved and most representative paradigm of Spanish Renaissance art, characterized by its traditional stonework and concept of space. It is situated in Santa Maria Square, Jaen Cathedral is a classic example and compendium of Renaissance architecture.
3. Cornelis Floris De Vriendt. Antwerp City Hall. Antwerp, Belgium. 1561-1565
This building structure is in the Flemish Italian Renaissance style or Floris style, characterized by its large wall panels and great interior. It is designed under the supervision of master builder Cornelis II Floris De Vriendt, the Antwerp City Hall was constructed between 1561 and 1565 in collaboration with Italian architecture Nicolo Scarini.
4. Danish king Frederik II. Kronborg Castle. Helsingor, Denmark. 1574-1585
Kronborg Castle is widely construction building and considered as a classic example of Renaissance architecture. It is famous for its outlook and interior rooms and many small and big minerals. It is located along the stretch of water between Denmark and Sweden and played a significant role in the history of northern Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries.
5. Donato Bramante, Giovanni Antonio Amadeo. Santa Maria Presso San Satiro. Milan, Italy. 1472-1482
During the 15th century, Santa Maria Presso San Satiro was built and It is considered one of the greatest masterpieces of the Renaissance architect Donato Bramante. Really this is fantastic for its rich ornamentation, altarpieces, paintings, and gold tooling.
6. Elias Holl. Augsburg Town Hall. Augsburg, Bravia, Germany. 1615-1624
Elias Holl. Augsburg Town Hall is considered as one of the most important secular buildings established in Renaissance style north of the Alps. Augsburg Town Hall distributes as the administrative center of Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany. It is designed by Elias Holl, this building is of historic and cultural importance to the people of Germany so it is protected by the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed abrasion.
7. Filippo Brunelleschi. Basilica of San Lorenzo. Florence, Italy. 1422-1470
The Basilica of San Lorenzo is one of the oldest churches in Florence and was the parish church of the most powerful families in Florence. It is popular for its renaissance interior is highlighted by white walls and gray columned arcades, as well as two bronze pulpits near its altar.
8. Filippo Brunelleschi. Ospedale Degli Innocenti. Florence, Central Italy. 1419-1445
It was considered as the first architect building in Florence, Central Italy. It was built in a Renaissance manner, characterized by its composite columns and windows with classical pediments. Architect Filippo Brunelleschi designed the Ospedale Degli Innocenti conterminous with the transcript of Renaissance architecture.
9. Filippo Brunelleschi. Sagrestia Vecchia. Florence, Italy. 1421-1440
It is considered one of the most important monuments of early Italian Renaissance architecture. Interior of this architecture is articulated by a rhythmic system of arches and pilasters for geometric unity. It is also known as the Old Sacristy, Sagrestia Vecchia is an old Christian building in Florence designed by Filippo Brunelleschi.
10. Galleazzo Appiani. Krasiczyn Castle. Krasiczyn, Poland. 1580-1631
The Krasiczyn Castle is considered as a renaissance castle that used to be owned by several royal Polish families. It is made of complex elements and located in the Divine Town. This castle is famous for its richly sculpted portals, arcades and sgraffito wall decorations and it depicts Roman emperors and Polish kings.
11. Giovanni Battista di Quadro. Poznan Town Hall. Poznan, Western Poland. 13th-14th century
The Poznan Town Hall is one of the most magnificent Renaissance masterpieces in Western Poland. At first, it used to be a small one-story building then it was enlarged by up to three stories by Giovanni Battista to give it a Renaissance appearance. It was fully installed with a tower made of bricks during the 16th century.
12. Giulio Romano. Palazzo Del Te. Mantua, Italy. 1524-1534
Palazzo Del Te is one of the most cultivated and erudite of Renaissance art patrons. This widely mannerist villa is constructed to follow the villa Farnesina which is close to the city and combines the views of the palace and villa architecture as well as function. It is fantastic for its fresco painting in interior rooms and architecture is filled with complex effects.
13. Henrik Von Collen. Gripsholm Castle. Mariefred, Sodermanland, Sweden. 1537-1709
Gripsholm Castle is considered as Sweden’s Renaissance treasures. It was constructed more than five centuries ago and involves handcrafts, furniture, and interiors from four centuries. It is also known as the fairytale castle of the banks of Lake Malaren and highlighted by its Swedish National Portrait collection.
14. Inigo Jones, Palladio. Banqueting House. London. 1619-1622
It is one of the most famous architecture building which replaced an older Tudor that was burnt down in 1619. The construction of the Banqueting-house is very strong and Architect Inigo Jones introduced the Renaissance ideals of Palladio to England. This house is renowned for its windows, pillars and Renaissance architecture.
15. Inigo Jones. Queen’s House. Greenwich, London. 1616-1619
Inigo Jones. Queen’s House is considered the first Renaissance building in England. It is famous for its symmetrical ration and harmoniously contrived details. This house is a Palladian mansion which views classical architecture. It can be seen on its finely formed marble floors and painted ceilings.
16. Juan De Alava and R.G. De Hontanon. Convento De San Esteban. Salamanca, Spain. 1624-1610
It features the stoning of San Esteban as its central motif and its interior has a museum dedicated to the Dominicans. It is situated at Plaza del Concilio de Trento, Convento De San Esteban is a Dominican monastery which is known for its extraordinarily altar-like façade.
17. Leon Battista Alberti. Basilica of Sant’Andrea. Mantua, Lombardy, Italy. 1472-1790
The design of this building is awesome and imposed to the humanist architect Leon Battista Albertim who was the person behind the first Renaissance architectural treatise. It was constructed in the 15th century by Sant’Andrea.
18. Luder Von Bentheim. Bremen City Hall. Bremen, Germany. 1405-1409
Bremen City hall is one of the oldest Roland statues in the country. It stands to symbolize the civic autonomy and sovereignty of Bremen. This building illustrates the medieval Saalgeschossbau-type of hall construction and serves as a great example of the Weser Renaissance in northern Germany.
19. Michelozzo Di Bartolomeo. Palazzo Medici Riccardi. 1445-1460
This beautiful architecture is designed by Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, Palazzo Medicri Riccardi was built between 1445 and 1460. This tripartite elevation unravels the Renaissance spirit of rationality, classicism, and order. It is famous for its stone masonry that includes both ashlar and rustication.
20. Sir Christopher Wren. St. Paul’s Cathedral. London. 1675-1710
St. Paul’s Cathedral is considered one of the major landmarks of London and it is situated at Ludgate Hill. It is the fourth cathedral to occupy the sacred district. The design of this cathedral is really fantastic and famous for its smooth painting, statues, plaques, and carvings. This notable Cathedral was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and revealed the grandeur of Sir Wren as a court architect.