Human is the best creation of almighty. The most civilized animal on the planet earth. Only human is known to build giant and tall buildings on the chest of planet earth. They are known to build buildings for thousands of years. Some are 2 to 3 thousand years old. Some are built on recent years. We will talk about some such buildings built by the human through the ages. So we create a list of such buildings.
Here Are The 20 Engineering Feats In History
It is a great archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, where there is a large urban complex known for its spiritual, geographical and geodetic additions. This site consists of large pyramids built with large residential complexes in pre-Columbian America and color-protected frescoes. It was thought that this city was founded in 100 BCE and had 200,000 inhabitants at its peak in 450 BCE. The most prominent monument is the Pyramid of the Sun, and UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site in 1987.
2. The Central Railroad
This is the most impressive railway in the world, it was above the Andes from Callao to Huancayo in Junin. Constructed between 1851 and 1907, it carries more than 1,000 miles of railways, which cross the Andes peak, crossing 41 bridges, burrowing across 60 tunnels. The only railway in South America with a height of 4,820 meters.
3. The Colosseum
The Colosseum was built from 70 to 80 AD in the suburbs of the Roman Forum as the main site of the Roman Empire, now part of modern Italy. Despite its ability to sit for more than 50,000 visitors, it was primarily used as an amphitheater for competing wrestler, other general bulbs and also used to fix matches between gladiators. It has been used for nearly 500 years and has a full underground road that has challenged the complexity of its exterior. At present, you will see only the surviving frontage of the outer wall, which prevents many earthquakes, fires, and attacks.
4. The Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge is the completion of a modern building known for its unlimited achievements in the world of engineering and construction and is considered the “mother of all bridges”. A 1.7-mile suspension bridge stretching to the Bay of San Francisco and the Pacific Ocean and named among the seven modern wonders of the world around the world for its innovative design and resistance to elements.
5. The Great Pyramid of Giza
Giza is renowned as the oldest and largest of the three pyramids, the Home of the Sphinx is situated here. It required 2.3 million limestone blocks to be built, which were extracted and raised by human hands and they had to bring them from more than 500 miles away, and as in the Great Wall, it also claimed the lives of many people. It was built over 20 years and ended in 2560 BC.
6. The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China, known as the ‘Long Wall of 10,000 Li,’ was built to protect the attack against the Mongols and other resilient groups between 250 BC and 1450 AD. This is the most distinctive structure in China since the stone wall has exceeded 3889.5 miles, and with the longest structure being built, it took away lots of lives during its construction.
7. The Hagia Sophia
During the Byzantine era, Hagia Sofia was the world’s largest cathedral before the Medieval Seville Cathedral was built in 1520. It is situated in Istanbul, modern day’s Turkey. This monument is believed to be the representation of Byzantine architecture due to a large dome. It was constructed in 360 AD by the order of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. It is a former cathedral and later on used as a mosque for the Muslims to prayer, now functioning as a museum, and is generally recognized as one of the greatest buildings in the world because of its unique design features.
8. The Lost City of Mohenjo-Daro
This civilization of the Indus Valley was unknown to humans until 1921 of its discovery. It was believed that this culture evolved about 4,500 years ago when one of the largest cities of Mohenjo-Daro was acquired from and cultivated with the very fertile lands of the Indus river plains. Other civilizations of Mesopotamia have trade with them. A planned arrangement based on a network of brick buildings, which can probably be housed, 35,000 people. In addition to street planning, it has a more sophisticated plumber and sewage system than most Westerners of the 20th century.
9. The Panama Canal
Beginning in 1904 and ending in 1914, the Panama Canal was praised as one of the greatest achievements in the history of construction and engineering. It is a 48-mile easy ship linking for the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. Each door of the lock weighs 750 tons, engineer and construction team were faced other obstacles including the dense forest, mountain height, soil and stone clearance, tidal differences, diseases like yellow fever and malaria. However, instead of going from Cape Horn to a boat, today it is easy to go New York to San Francisco, it can save about 7,872 miles using the canal.
10. The Porcelain Tower of Nanjing.
The Porcelain Tower, originated by the Chinese Emperor Yongle in the fifteenth century, is designed in octagonal shape and a golden sphere on its rooftop. Consisting of nine stories with a total height of 260 feet, if someone wants to reach the top floor then he has to climb the spiral staircase possesses 130 steps. Its unique attractiveness was based on its white porcelain bricks of the tower, which were equipped with stoneware and glazes generating a blend of colors on the sides portraying images of landscapes, flowers, and animals.
11. The Taj Mahala
The Fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had built it as a tribute to his third wife Mumtaz Mahal. For a time period of 22 years, the Taj Mahal was raised with a manpower of 20,000 laborers. It was also achieved using 1,000 load-bearing elephants and teams of 30 oxen to convey marble and other materials up to a particularly constructed 9.3-mile ramp governing to the construction site. Its domes and walls were covered in priceless gems and stones but during the successive wars, this was all plundered. There is a legend that Shah Jahan decreed to cut off the hands of the architects and artificers so that is why they would never be able to raise another magnificent monument like the Taj Mahal.
12. Underground Churches of Lalibela
In the course of the twelfth or thirteenth century, the Ethiopian king Lalibela had a dream which pointed out that his capital Roha might one day compete with the spiritual and architectural glory of Jerusalem. As a reason, the construction of 11 homogeneous churches was commissioned from the same mass of rocks of the red volcanic scoria with its roof on the ground level. At present, only four churches rock were still standing, and the rest was partly connected to the rock or facades freely. Churches connect to each other through a floor of underground tunnels, which benefit from natural water to deep water.
13. Chand Baori
Built in the 9th century, it is a prominent stepwell located in the village of Abhaneri near the famous Indian city of Jaipur. Situated to the opposite direction of the Harshat Mata temple, it contains 13 stories with over 3500 narrow steps. Stepwells are utilized as the underground water sources, and because of they are protected, covered and of architectural importance, they can also work for other intentions such as a comfort for daytime heat and as a venue of social assemblies and religious events. Because of the complication of the stone structure and the types of technology accessible at the time of building, it is regarded as a monumental construction achievement.
14. Chichen Itza
This is a pre-Columbian city, which is located in the municipality of Tinum. This is the most prominent of the Mayan archaeological sites in the state of Yucatan and is toured by an estimated 1.2 million visitors every year. This is one of the largest Maya cities in ruins, it shows different types of architectural styles may be due to its diversified inhabitants. The most prominent structure was the Kukulkan temple, which is a Feathered Serpent of God, and was used for astronomical observations and religious purposes.
15. Eiffel Tower
Its architect was Gustav Eiffel by whom the Eiffel Tower is named. ‘La Tour Eiffel’ is its another name. It is the tallest architecture in France. It was formed in 1889 as a massive latticework structure for the Exposition of Paris. This cultural symbol of France and one of the most famous buildings in the world was nearly broken 20 years after its lease expired, but many thought it had an antenna will be very useful for telegraphy. This is the most visited monument in the world in 2010, where 7.1 million people paid visits.
16. El Mirador
The site of 500000 acres of land in Guatemala, known as the “cradle of the Mayan civilization”, it is also known for its five Pre-classical Maya cities, the largest pyramid by size in the world is situated here, which is called the “La Danta”. It remains as the first highway system in the world. One of the deepest sites in the forest was discovered only in 1926 and was fully mapped in 1978. The center of the city is about 10 square miles with 35 triadic buildings. The World Heritage Fund and the Governments of Guatemala and the United States have established El Mirador as a national park to protect it from looting, drug traffickers and deforestation threatened to destroy the site.
17. Itaipu Dam
This is a Hydroelectric dam in the Parana River situated on the Brazilian and Paraguayan borders, the Itaipu dam is 7,919 meters long and the highest point is 196 meters, equivalent to a 65-story skyscraper. During construction, 12.3 million cubic meters of concrete were consumed, while iron and steel were used to complete the dam were enough to build another 380 Eiffel Towers. Itaipu, which means “sounding stone” in Guarani, also has a hydropower station that is the largest type of its kind. Built between Brazil and Paraguay two neighboring states from 1975 to 1991, the power plant could produce 93,428 GWh of electricity, which could provide 20% of the power supply in Brazil and 94% of Paraguay.
18. Leshan Giant Buddha
19. Macchu Picchu
The pre-Columbian Inca site the ‘Lost City of the Incas’ Macchu Picchu is located at an altitude of 2,340 meters above sea level, in the Andes mountain ridge, above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, a region of South America. Archaeologists believe that it was raised in 1400 as an estate for the Incan Emperor Pachacuti. Among the popular structures, there are centers for solar heating, solar temples, and three windows. Macchu Picchu was the historic haven of Peru. It was established as a historical sanctuary in 1981, as a World Heritage Site in 1983 and one of the Seven New Wonders of the World in 1987.
This ancient stone wall is known as Saksaq Wawam or ‘House of the Sun, it is located 7 km from the center of the Cusco City of Peru. It is believed that before the conquest of the Inca Empire, people known as Kilke were built this wall in between 900 and 1200 AD. This is the route of many underground catacombs or Chicanas, which connects historical architectural pieces to other Inca structures. This engineering masterpiece surprised the Spanish conquerors, who were so amazed to the extent that they thought it would definitely be the work of demons.