Romanesque architecture is in the style which was common in western Europe during the 11th century. The style is characterized by rounded arches and thick pillars. From the sixth to the tenth century, a maximum of churches and abbeys were built like this type of architecture. The architecture was the first special style to spread across Europe during the Roman Empire. The primary impression that got from the Romanesque architecture, that the architectures were churchly and secular buildings and one of the massive solid and strong. Here are 20 Romanesque architectures that are really wonderful.
Here Are The 20 Romanesque Architecture Examples
1. Abbey Church of Saint-Savin sur-Gartempe. France. Mid 11th century
Abbey Church of Saint-Savin Sur-Gartempe is another Roman Catholic Church situated in Poitou, France. The Romanesque architecture is most famous among the tourist all over the world for its antique beautiful murals. The square shape tower architecture was recognized as the World Heritage Site in 1983.
2. Bamberg Cathedral. Bamberg, Germany. 13th-century
Bamberg Cathedral is another architecture of Romanesque which is founded in 1002 by Henry II. The architecture was under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church. It was recognized World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993. The four Spires of the building stand still for the symbol of its uniqueness.
3. Basilica of Saint Servatius. Maastricht, the Netherlands. 11th century
Basilica of Saint Servatius is one of the unique Romanesque architecture. The architecture is also a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to Saint Servants. It is situated in the city of Maastricht, near to the Gothic Church of Saint John in the Netherlands.
4.Basilica of San Isidoro. Leon, Spain. 10th century.
Basilica of San Isidoro was first built in the pre-Arab period in the tenth century. The Church is now located in Leon in Spain on the site of an ancient Roman temple. The cathedral was dedicated to Saint Isidoro of Seville in 1063. Anyway, the architecture was built mostly in Romanesque style.
5. Church of St. Trophime. Arles, France. 15th century.
Church of St. Trophime is one of the finest architecture among the Romanesque architecture art in Europe. It is the most important Romanesque architecture in France that built-in Arles within the twelveth to the fifteenth century as a Roman Catholic Church.
6. Clonfert Cathedral. Clonfert, County Gateway, Ireland. 12th century
Clonfert Cathedral is a church of Ireland. The Cathedral is situated in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin in Ireland. The architecture mainly founded as a church by Saint Brendan.
7. Dunnottar Castle. Aberdeenshire, Scotland.15th-16th centuries
Dunnottar Castle was named in the Roman de Fergus. Dunnottar was a center of local administration during the region of King William the Lion. The ruined castle situated in the northeastern coast of Scotland.
8. Durham Cathedral. Durham, England. 1093
Durham Cathedral is known as the Durham Cathedral located in the city of Durham in the United Kingdom. The Bishop of Durham’s seat was there. Though the structure of the cathedral seems like Gothic, It was mainly the architecture of the Romanesque style.
9. Gniezno Doors. Gniezno, Poland. 12th century.
Gniezno Doors are the famous doors which can be found the Gnizno Cathedral where many historical events took place. The precious monument was made during the rule of Mieszko III around 1175. The pairs of bronze doors are in the entrance of the Church Gniezno Cathedral in Poland.
10. Grossmunster. Zurich, Switzerland. 1100-1120
The Grossmunster is one of the most famous Protestant Church in Zurich, Switzerland. The Church is one of the supreme church among the all major four churches. The church was built by following the Romanesque style. The couple towers of the Grossmünster are considered as the most recognized monument in Zurich.
11. Gurk Cathedral. Gurk, Austria. 12th century
Gurk Cathedral was a popular pilgrimage destination during the eleventh century. The architecture was named after by Emma also called Saint Hemma, a pious woman in Gurk who built the church and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary. The architecture has two towers in the west, a tomb of Hemma, three apses and a gallery.
12. Lisbon Cathedral. Lisbon, Portugal. 1147
Lisbon Cathedral is also known as the Patriarchal Cathedral of St. Mary Major. The Church is one of the oldest churches in Lisbon and built it with mixing various architectural styles. The iron gate of it’s taken from the Romanesque architecture. Though it was first built in 1147, it needed several reconstructions because of the earthquake.
13. Lund Cathedral. Lund, Scania, Sweden. 1145
Lund became the religious heart of Sweden and over the many monasteries by building the Lund Cathedral in 1145. The Cathedral is also known as the Luthern Cathedral of Lund. The architecture was followed by the Romanesque style. The Romanesque features can be seen throughout the arched gallery, decorating its apse and its floor.
14. Modena Cathedral. Modena, Italy. 12th century
Modena Cathedral. Modena is one of the prominent architecture among all Romanesque architecture. It was built as a church of Roman Catholic. The church is situated in Modena in Italy. The interior of the church divided into three naves. Anyway, It is one of the World Heritage Sites among the Romanesque architecture.
15. Notre Dame de Tournai. Tournai, Belgium. 17th century
Notre Dame de Tournai is also called the Tournai Cathedral or the Cathedral of Our Lady. The architecture is one of the most famous Roman Catholic Church. It was recognized as a Wallonia’s heritage in 1936 and World Heritage Site in 2000. The Romanesque architecture has five bell towers and semi-circular arcs.
16. San Liberatore a Maiella. Abruzzo, Italy. 11th century
San Liberatore a Maiella is an abbey as well as a church in the province of Abruzzo, Italy. The San Liberatore a Maiella is one of the oldest abbeys in Italy which built in the ninetieth century. The architecture actually linked to Charlemagne. It was built by following the Romanesque architectural style.
17. St. Andrew’s Church. Krakow, Poland. 1079-1078
St. Andrew’s Church is one of the best-preserved monuments of Romanesque architecture in the history of Poland. The architecture was built for defensive purposes. It is one of the living churches in European fortress churches. The church was designed and built by Palatine Sieciech, a Polish statesman from 1079 to 1098.
18. St. Longin’s Rotunda. Prague. 12th century
St. Longin’s Rotunda is one of the oldest Romanesque architecture in Prague. The architecture founded in the twelveth century as the church of the parish. It was almost ruined in the nineteenth century but fortunately, the architecture was saved by Frantisek Palacky, was a Czech historian and politician.
19. St. Martin’s Cathedral. Spisske Podhradie, Slovakia. 13th-15th centuries
St. Martin’s Cathedral is regarded as the largest Romanesque Cathedrals in the history of Slovakia. The Cathedral was dedicated to the Holy Savior. The church is located at the western border below Bratislava Castle. Interior of the Church, many wall paintings were hung as the coronation of Charles Robert of Anjou.
20. St. Peter and Paul Collegiate Church. Kruszwica, Kuyavia. 1120
The semi-circular, St. Peter and Paul Collegiate Church, is one of the largest Roman Catholic Church founded in 1120. Romanesque architecture is a piece of art made of sandstone and granite. The Cathedral is located in the north of Kilmallock’s main street in Kruszwica, Kuyavia.