20 Most Endangered Species On Earth [Endangered Animals]

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Due to man’s eating habits and enjoyment, A number of animal species are on the verge of extinction.

They are being hunted for meat, for fur, and for their materials. Environmentalists are trying to save them.

Governments around the world have banned illegal hunting and poaching.

But instead of these measures, some of the animals have already been extinct. However, here is a list of 20 most endangered species on earth.

Here Are 20 Pictures Of Endangered Animals

1. Addax

Addax Endangered Animals

The Addax, also known as the white antelopes or Screwhorn antelope, is native to the Sahara desert. Their coats change color depending on the season.

Due to its slow speed, it is an easy target for predators like lions, humans, African wild dogs, and leopards.

This critical species of antelopes were once abundant in North Africa but now the number came down to only around 1600.

2. Amur Leopard

Amur Leopard

Amur Leopard, also known as far eastern leopard or endangered animal, is a subspecies of a leopard which is found in southeastern Russia and northeast China.

These rarest big cats are critically endangered and only 349 are estimated to survive in nature.

3. Arakan Forest Turtle

Arakan Forest Turtle

The Arakan forest turtle is a rare species of turtle that lives in the Arakan Hills of Western Myanmar.

Before it was rediscovered in 1994, it was last seen in 1908 and was believed extinct.

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Only a handful of these turtles are now being conserved in captivity and less than a hundred left in the wild.

4. Axolotl

Axolotl Endangered Animals

Axolotl, also known as the water monster, is a native to Mexico. Because of being used extensively in scientific research due to their regenerating capability and for being sold as food in the Mexican market, it is becoming extinct very quickly.

5. Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camel

The Bactrian camel has two humps instead of one and it is especially convenient for a pack animal. These camel species are often seen in Mongolia and China.

They are also seen in countries like Pakistan, India and even Russia for their migration habit.

Though the domesticated Bactrian camels are two million in number, the feral Bactrian camels are only 800.

6. Brazilian Merganser

Brazilian Merganser

The Brazilian Merganser is one of the most threatened waterfowl in the world. It is a native bird of Brazil though some of them are seen in Argentina.

Due to farming and mining Brazilian merganser lost their habitat and their number came down to only 250 in nature.

7. California Condor

California Condor

The California Condor is the largest North American land bird that became extinct in the wild in 1987.

Though the name is California Condor, it is mainly found in northern Arizona, southern Utah which makes it a resident bird of the Grand Canyon and Zion National Park. Its wingspan is above 3 meters and its lifespan is about 60 years. Now there are only 405 left in nature.

8. Catarina Pupfish

Catarina Pupfish

First described in 1972, The Catarina Pupfish was a native of Mexico. It does no longer exist in the wild.

Only a small number of the population still remains in aquariums around the world.

9. Hawaiian Crow

Hawaiian Crow is the Endangered Animal

The Hawaiian crow is a species of crow. From the name, we can easily guess that it was a native to Hawaii.

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It was because now it is extinct in the wild and only a number of 109 remains in captivity.

But its a matter of hope that their reintroduction programmed is underway.

10. Hawaiian Monk Seal

Hawaiian Monk Seal

The Hawaiian Monk Seal, an endangered species of earless seal, is a native to the Hawaiian Islands. 

The Hawaiian Monk seal is one of the two remaining monk seal species.

Threatened by human encroachment, entanglement in fishing nets, disease, very low levels of genetic variation and past commercial hunting for skins, their small population has come down to only 1100.

11. Iberian Lynx

Iberian Lynx

The Iberian Lynx is a wild cat species, native to the Iberian peninsula (Spain and Portugal).

The Iberian Lynx was on the verge of extinction in the 21st century. Now only a small number of the population is left in the wild.

12. Island Fox

Island Fox

Native to the Channel Islands of California, the island fox is a small colorful animal. There are 6 subspecies of Island fox.

This most endangered species on earth are found uniquely on each of the six islands, reflecting its evolutionary history. Now their total number is only 700.

13. Javan Rhinoceros

Javan Rhinoceros Endangered Animals

The Javan rhinoceros, also known as the Sunda rhinoceros is a very rare type of rhinoceros. 

They become an easy target for poachers for their horn which is used as an ingredient in formulating Chinese medicine and each kg cost over 30,000 on the black market.

Now the existing number is only 72 in the wild.

14. Kakapo


The Kakapo or the owl parrot is a unique type of parrot that cannot fly. It’s a native to New Zealand.

Its body is covered with yellow-green feathers and it has whisker under its beak. The Kakapo is critically endangered and now only 126 individuals are remaining in the wild.

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15. Mediterranean Monk Seal

Mediterranean Monk Seal

Mediterranean Monk seal is one of the two types of earless seal that still exist in the world.

It’s almost like Hawaiian Monk seal and their only difference is the choice of their habitat. Mediterranean Monk seal lives in the Mediterranean.

This is a critically endangered species and only 510 still exist.

16. Mountain Gorilla

Mountain Gorilla

The Mountain Gorilla is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. It is mainly found in Uganda, Rwanda, and Virunga.

Due to poaching, traps, kidnapping, interaction with tourists, loss of habitat and food and being killed for meat only a number of population of 880 remains in the wild.

17. Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle Endangered Animals

The Philippine eagle or the monkey-eating eagle is a native to the forests of philippine and it is the national bird of Philippine.

It is listed as critically endangered. primarily for the massive loss of habitation resulting from deforestation it’s number has come down and the existing number is only 500.

18. Spix’s Macaw

Spix’s Macaw

Spix’s Macaw, also known as little blue macaw is a native to Brazil. It is smaller than most of the large macaws.

It is listed as a critically endangered animal and thought to be extinct in the wild.  Only 93 individuals remain in the world and all of them are in captivity.

19. Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran Rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhinoceros is endemic to Sumatra. It is the smallest of all the rhinoceros.

Their exact number is unknown but it is thought that only 275 are left in the wild.

20. Vaquita

Vaquita Endangered Animals

The Vaquita (means little cow in Spanish) is a rare species of porpoise endemic to the Gulf of California. There are only 300 left in the wild.

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I am from Chicago by birth and by choice, I am happy to be on the road exploring new destinations, especially in February, often the coldest of the winter months of the city. I have bachelor's and master's degrees in journalism, and I've spent much of my career in news working for The Associated Press and Chicago Tribune. Over the past decade, I have focused on exploring the world as a writer and independent travel photographer. Highlights include tracking and photographing wild animals in Kenya, documenting monarch butterflies hibernates on a mountain in Mexico and spending a night in a tent in the Sahara desert.

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