Since the 18th century, some lost cities were rediscovered around the world. The causes of their disappearance from history for a period of time are climate changes, massacres, and natural disasters. Today many of them are famous tourist spots. Here are such 20 cities for you.
Calakmul was a powerful and wealthy city of Mayan civilization. It was one of the largest city that refused the predominance of Tikal. It was rediscovered in the jungles of Campeche. The city got involved in a battle with Tikal in 695 A.D. and the number of the population declined. This incident led to the collapse of the Mayans.
3. Chan Chan
Chan Chan was the largest city of pre-Columbian America. This city’s buildings were decorated with patterned relief arabesques. The city was named adobe city because its buildings were made with adobe bricks. In 850 A.D. the Chimu built the city and in 1470 A.D. the Incas conquered it.
Ctesiphon was one of the largest cities in the world. This city existed during the 6th century. As it was one of the most prominent cities of ancient Mesopotamia, the Romans and the Byzantine Empire wanted to seize the city. At last, the Muslims captured it in 637 A.D. during the Islamic victory.
5. Great Zimbabwe
In the 11th century, the Bantu people built Great Zimbabwe. Once a beautiful structure is now ruins of stones. During its peak time, about 18000 people lived here. But for some reason- may be political instability, dramatic climate changes, the people decided to leave the city.
Hatra was a vast fortified ancient city situated in the present day Iraq. It is thought that the city was built by Assyrians. But it flourished under Parthian Empire. It was attacked by the Romans several times but it withstood because of its high and strong walls and towers. At last, in 241 AD it fell to the Iranian Sassanid Empire and was completely destroyed.
It is thought that Hattusa was the capital of the Hittite Empire during the 17th century. The city was abandoned by 40,000 to 50,000 people as it was destroyed as a part of the collapse of the Bronze age. The city was rediscovered in the early 20th century.
It is one of the biggest Viking establishments in Greenland. Possibly it was built in 985 A.D. Basically it was a farmstead where Norse farmers used to settle. Once inhabited by 4000 inhabitants the city was abandoned during the mid-fourteenth century after the demise of the Western settlements.
9. Leptis Magna
Leptis Magna was one of the most famous cities of the Roman Empire. It is located in the present day Libya. The city played a vital role in the economy and it was the center of Mediterranean and Saharan trade. The city started to decline during the reign of Emperor Septimius Severus and it was completely ruined in 642 A.D.
10. Mesa Verde
Mohenjodaro was built in 2600 B.C in the present day Pakistan. It was one of the most ancient urban settlements. Today it is referred to as “Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis.” In 1700 B.C., the city was destroyed, may be for some natural disasters and vanished from the page of the history until its rediscovery in the 1920’s.
Persepolis was the ceremonial center and the capital of the Persian Empire. It was famous for its beauty as the city featured some of the most beautiful artwork. In 331 A.D. after conquering the city Alexander the Great burnt it to the ground.
Once a prominent city Pompeii was completely destroyed on August 24, 79 A.D. when a nearby volcano began to erupt. The city was completely covered with ash and soil. Recently in the 18th century, the city was rediscovered after a series of excavation.
The city was built after 1000 years of hard work. The construction started in the 3rd century and it was completed in the 13th century. Sanchi began to decline following the decline of Buddhism in India. In 1818 the ancient city was rediscovered by an English officer.
Timgad is situated in the present day Algeria. Once a colonial town Timgad was established by Roman Emperor Trajan in 100 A.D. Sacked by the vandals in the 5th century and then by the Berbers after two centuries the prosperous city disappeared from the page of the history until it was rediscovered following an excavation in 1881.
Tiwanaku is located near the south eastern shore of the lake Titicaca in Bolivia. The city usually thrived between 300 B.C. and 300 A.D. This prominent city was inhabited by almost 30,000 people. However, after a drastic change in climate, the inhabitants of the city gradually abandoned the city.
This city used to be located on the Amu-Darya River in Uzbekistan. It was one of the greatest cities between the 12th and 13th centuries and even became the capital of Khwaream, a Central Asian empire. In 1221, Mongol soldiers turned young women and children into slaves and massacred the rest of the population.
At its peak, this city had a population of around 500,000. It was one of the largest cities of the world between the 14th and 16th century, during the reign of the Vijayanagar Empire. The city was destroyed following the victory of the Muslim armies who were in conflict with the empire.
One of the largest cities of the world between 14th and 16th century Vijayanagara had a population of about 500,000. The city flourished during the Vijayanagar Empire. It was destroyed by the Muslim armies.