Do you like black people? The first celebration of black history month took the place in February 1970. It was recognized nationality within six years.
The celebration is a consistent reminder of the important people and events in the history of African Americans and pays tribute to several generations of black people who had to struggle with adversity.
Therefore, the month is not long enough to celebrate and everybody should appreciate all the great history of black people who have contributed to the world.
Here is a list of 20 amazing black history facts that no one knows about.
1. Carter G. Woodson
Carter G. Woodson who was an African American historian, author, and journalist, was selected as the father of the observance.
He declared the second week of February to be “Negro History Week” in 1926. He chose this week because it coincided with the birthday of Abraham Lincoln (February 12) and of Frederick Douglass (February 14).
2. Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass who was an important African American social reformer, writer, orator, and statesman.
He became a great leader of the abolitionist movement after escaping from slavery. He was a helpful man and also supported women´s suffrage and other disadvantaged minorities.
3. Negro History Week
The first reception of Negro History Week was slow, in the following years. Moreover, the practice rapidly gained momentum, prompting the creation of black history clubs and organizations.
There was an upward trend of Increasing awareness of the importance of African American history.
Some people in the world who never died. Can you remember Woodson? He died in April 1950, which means he didn’t even live to see the expansion of the Negro History Week to the Black History Month by President Gerald Ford in 1976.
5. Martin Luther King Jr.
Who doesn’t know about Martin Luther King Jr? Martin Luther King Jr who is an African American civil rights activist famous for his legendary “I Have a Dream” speech. He became the third American whose birthday is commemorated as a federal holiday.
He has won a Nobel Peace Prize when he was young. He was an excellent motivational person in the world. Martin Luther King Jr received the Prize in October 1964 for fighting racial inequality through nonviolence.
6. Bayard Rustin
Bayard Rustin is the most popular African American leader in social movements for racial justice/civil rights. However, he openly admitted his homosexuality when he was trying for gay rights.
Due to this, he was often criticized even by his movement fellows. Barack Obama president of America posthumously awarded Rustin the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2013.
7. Jupiter Hammon
It was considered one of the founders of African American literature Jupiter Hammon (1711 – 1806) was a black poet who became the first African American writer ever to be published in 1761.
Hammon (a devout Christian) was born into slavery and waited for a slave all his life. However, he was allowed to attend the school where he learned to read and write, unlike most slaves at that time.
8. African Americans Population.
The number of African Americans exceeded 1 million, in 1800. With almost 9 million African Americans dwelling in the US and their current population is estimated to be about 45 million In 1900.
Present African Americans can be around 13% of the total US population.
9. Detroit, Michigan
Detroit is considered as the largest city in the U.S state of Michigan. Michigan is considered as the most populous state and has the highest population of African Americans with about 80% of the city´s 680,000 residents.
Observing on the state level, Mississippi has the highest rate of African Americans with 1 million out of 3 million residents.
10. Robert Henry Lawrence Jr.
Robert Henry Lawrence Jr, who was the first black astronaut, could travel to space before he died. In 1983, the first black astronaut in space was Guion Bluford. In order to success, Bluford spent more than 28 days in space.
In 1997, he was inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame and into the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2010.
11. Potato chips
Who doesn’t love to eat potato chips? It is a snack popular all over the world and rumored to have been invented by an African American.
A chef George Crum supposedly became upset with a nasty customer who sent his dish of French fries back to the kitchen in 1853.
He claimed that they were too thick, too mushy and not salty enough. Due to this, he cut the potatoes as thin as he could, fried them until crispy, and threw a generous handful of salt on top.
He thought that the nasty customer would learn his lesson but in fact, the customer loved the crispy chips. For this delicious food, the restaurant began most popular at that time.
12. Charles Richard Drew
African Americans invented many things including the folding cabinet bed, gas mask, carbon-filament the, light bulb and even the blood bank.
Charles Richard Drew create blood bank while he was studying at Columbia University. He invented a method of separating red blood cells from plasma and then storing the two components individually.
13. Halle Berry
Halle Berry who was an actress, and former fashion model. He became the first woman of African American descent to win an Oscar for a leading role for her performance in the romantic drama Monster’s Ball.
Due to the biracial background, her professional career was very tough. Berry changed herself and she became one of the highest paid and most renowned actresses in Hollywood.
14. Morgan Freeman
Do you like African American Hollywood actors? Morgan Freeman is one of the most successful actors in Hollywood. He achieved the holder of Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 2005 for his role in Million Dollar Baby.
Unquestionably, Morgan is famous for his strong criticism of Black History Month. Due to many reasons, he claimed that the history of African Americans shouldn’t be relegated to just one month.
15. George Washington
George Washington was born into slavery in Missouri in 1864. His carver later became a famous African American botanist and inventor. He had tried more during his period and he developed about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house.
He also made cosmetics items like gasoline, dyes, plastics, paints, and nitroglycerin. Time magazine even dubbed him a “Black Leonardo” in 1941.
16. Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey was a popular talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. She is currently the only African American billionaire. She dubbed the “Queen of All Media”.
Winfrey is considered as the most substantial woman in the world. Her childhood was anything but idyllic and born into poverty in rural Mississippi to a single mother.
Sadly, she was raped at the age of nine. Now Winfrey is one of the most liberal philanthropists in the world.
Winfrey was the first African American self-made millionaire. Madam C. J. Walker, an entrepreneur, and philanthropist is the holder of the primacy. She was born in 1867 in Louisiana as the first slavery-free child of the family.
Struggling more she made her fortune by developing a successful line of beauty and hair products for black women.
18. Marshall Taylor
Marshall Taylor was an African American cyclist who won the world 1 mile (1.6 km) track cycling championship. He had achieved many world records and overcoming racial discrimination in 1899.
Marshall Taylor was the first African American who gained world championship in any sport.
19. Don Barksdale
Don Barksdale was born in 1923. He was not only the first African American to play in the NBA but he was also the first black player to play in the United States men’s Olympic basketball team. Right now, nearly 80% of the NBA players are of African American region.
It is considered as the highest percentages of black players of any main professional sports leagues in the US.
But this ratio was not until 1947 when the first African American basketball players were drafted by the NBA.
20. Jackie Robinson
In the same year another important African Americans’ sports history – on April 15, 1947. During that time Jackie Robinson became the first black man to play in the MLB.