Ancient Greek architecture is renowned for its amazing temples. The Hellenic people fo Mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands and in colonies in the Asia Minor designed this type of architecture. Buildings and temples built between 900 B.C and 1st century A.D. were distinguished by their highly formal structures and decorations. Public and domestic edifices built at that time were well-known for their columns and lintels. Here is a list of 20 influential architecture for you.
Here Are 20 Influential Greek Architecture Characteristics
1. Selinunte Temple. Selinunte, Sicily. 550 B.C.
This is one of the Doric temples in the Acropolis of Selinunte. It looks like the Temple of Apollo at Syracuse. This temple had 17 columns at the sides and an extra row of columns at the eastern end. It can be accessed from the naos and the aisles of the temples are wide.
2. Temple of Artemis. Corfu, Greece. 580 B.C.
This is one of the most ancient edifices in Corfu, Greece. The Temple of Artemis was made and offered to Artemis. It was used as a sanctuary. This stone made temple was built exclusively according to Doric architectural style.
3. Temple of Hera. Olympia, Greece. 590 B.C.
Heraion or the Temple of Hera is an ancient Doric Greek temple. The torch of the Olympic flames is located and lit here. This temple was offered to Hera, the wife of Zeus. In the early 4th century A.D. this temple was destroyed by an earthquake and was never renovated.
4. The Erechtheion. Athens, Greece. 421 B.C. – 405 B.C.
This temple was offered to both Athena and Poseidon. It is located on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece. Mnesicles designed this temple and the name came from the legendary Greek hero Erichthonius. It is thought that this temple was built to replace the Peisistratid temple which was ruined in 480 B.C.
5. The Parthenon. Athens, Greece. 447 B.C. – 432 B.C.
It is the most famous of all Greek temples. The Parthenon is also one of the most influential edifices in the history of architecture. This temple was offered to Pericles by Ictinus and Callicrates. Pheidias ornamented it with sculptures. This temple contained a colossal statue of Athena.
6. The Philippeion. Olympia, Greece. 339 B.C.
This Ionic circular memorial is made of ivory and gold. It’s in the Altis of Olympia and it contained the sculptures of Philip’s family including Alexander the Great, Olympias, Amyntas III and Eurydice I. Famous Athenian sculptor Leochares built it and it is the sole structure inside the region that was offered to a human.
7. The Temple of Aphaia. Aegina, Greece. 490 B.C.
This ancient temple is one of the architectural wonders of ancient Greece. It is located on the Island of Aegina. It stands on the top of a 160 m hill. The temple was dedicated to Athena. It was built in 480 B.C. Thanks to the restorers that 25 of the original 32 Doric columns still stand today.
8. The Temple of Apollo Epicurius. Bassae, Greece. 450 B.C. to 425 B.C.
The architect of the Temple of Hephaestus and the Parthenon, Iktinos designed this temple. It was offered to Apollo the Helper. Ancient writer Pausanias praised this temple because of its beauty and harmony.
9. The Temple of Apollo. Corinth, Greece. 540 B.C.
The temple of Apollo is almost similar to the Temple of Hera of Olympia. The only difference is it was made totally on stone. This temple is located in Isthmus of Corinth.
10. The Delian Temple of Apollo. Delos, Greece. 470 B.C.- 300 B.C.
This temple is a classic example of Doric architecture. It has 13 columns on its sides. Is has other temple edifices inside its main sanctuary. Today only a little part of the original temple remains. This temple was dedicated to Apollo.
11. The Temple of Apollo. Siracusa, Sicily. 565 B.C.
The Temple of Apollo is a Doric temple which has 17 columns down each of its two sides. It also has an extra row of columns at its eastern end. One of the distinguishing characteristics of this temple is the column at its sides are really close together.
12. The Temple of Asclepius. Epidauros, Greece. 380 B.C.
This temple was built in the early fourth century BC. It was dedicated to the healing god Asclepius. Theodotos designed this Doric temple. It features pedimental sculptures, front and back and figural acroteria.
13. The Temple of Athena Nike. Athens, Greece. 427 B.C.
The Temple of Athena Nike was built between 427 and 424 B.C. It is the earliest Ionic temple in the region. The walls of this temple are protected on the north, south and west by the Nike Parapet. Famous architect Kallikrates designed this temple.
14. The Temple of Hephaestus. Athens, Greece. 449 B.C. – 444 B.C.
This temple is situated at the northwest side of the Agora of Athens on top of the Agoraios Kolonos Hill. This Doric temple is commonly known as the Hephasteion or the Temple of Hephaestus. It served as the Greek Orthodox church of St. George Akamates since 1834.
15.The Temple of Nemesis. Rhamnous, Greece. 436 B.C. – 432 B.C.
This temple of Nemesis is located between Rhamnous and Marathon. Here offers were made to Livia, the wife of Augustus. This Doric temple consists of 12 columns on the sides and contains some grave monuments.
16. The Temple of Poseidon. Sounion, Greece. 444 B.C. – 440 B.C.
The temple of Poseidon is an example of Doric peripteral hexastyle edifice. It features attenuated columns and perfected classical proportion. Here sailors usually propitiated Poseidon by sacrificing animals or any other gifts.
17. The Temple of the Olympian Zeus. Athens, Greece. 174 B.C. to 132 A.D.
This huge ruined temple is located at the center of Athens. The Temple of the Olympian Zeus is a renowned tourist attraction in Athens. This temple was offered to The king of the Olympian Gods, Zeus.
18. The Temple of Zeus. Olympia, Greece. 460 B.C.
The temple of Zeus was made between 472 B.C. and 456 B.C. It was dedicated to the king of the Gods: Zeus. Libon of Elis designed this temple at Olympia. This Doric temple had carved metopes and triglyph friezes, with pediments filled with sculptures.
19. The Tholos of Athena. Delphi, Greece. 400 B.C.
Theodorus of Phocaea designed this circular temple. It is an early example of a Doric exterior with a Corinthian interior. Respectively each has 20 and 10 columns. In ancient Greece, it set up the pattern for circular temples.
20. The Tholos of Polykleitos. Epidauros, Greece. 350 B.C.
This temple is located in Epidauros, Greece. It was built in 350 B.C. The Tholos of Polykleitos is a circular temple or treasury surrounded by 26 columns of the Doric Order and it has 14 Corinthian columns in its interior.