According to Arestepenus, ancient Greek playwright, “War is the mighty giant”. Though war is mighty Giant, the various war had happened on the battlefield for spreading imperialism. Battlefield is the place where a man can prove himself as a courageous soldier and snatched attention over the world if he dies or alive with boldness. And the battlefield is the place to change history over the world in the sector of Politics, Literature, religion, and society. Today’s new world has come through the various war in Battlefield. There have 20 battles that changed the world and rewrite history again and again.
1. Battle of Thermopylae: 480 BC
War always destroy the lives, damage the assets and create the unfilled situation. But from the ancient to today, war come forward to the glory of a nation or group. Battle of Thermopylae also one of the destroyest battle. It is an example of the power of a patriotic army for it’s a native soul. The Thermopylae battle was fought between Greek City and the Persian Empire in 480 BC. The Greek City States led by King Leonidas of Sparta and Persian Empire led by the Xerxes I. Every battle create an epic story. The Battle also became an epic story due to treachery.
2. The Battle of Agincourt: 1415
You may read or hear about the Play Henry V written by William Shakespeare. The Historical Play is staged from the theme of The Battle of Agincourt. The battle is better known as the Hundred Years War between Britain and France in. King Henry V led the British army and snatched victory against King Charles VI of France. The Battle is one the greatest victory for early Britain.
3. The Battle of Antietam: 1862
The Battle of Antietam, occurred 22 September in 1862 at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, is well known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. It is one of the cruel Civil War Between Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and Union General George McClellan’s Army. The Civil war remains the deadliest battle in American Military History. In the Battle around 23,00 soldiers were casualties includes around 3,650 dead.
4. The Battle of Guadalcanal: 1942-1943
The Battle of Guadalcanal is mainly the name of the campaign of Guadalcanal in 1942 to 1943 at the time of World War II. The Battle was one of the major and first offensive by Allied forces against Japan.
5. The Battle of Britain: 1940
The Battle of Britain is mainly the Air Battle for England which began on 10 July 1940 to 31 October 1940 against the Nazi German’s Air Force. It was the military campaign during the World War II. The Battle ended when Luftwaffe was failed to win air superiority over RAF (the Royal Air Force).
6. The Battle of Cajamarca: 1532
The Battle of Cajamarca was the unexpected trap and convulsion for the Inca ruler Atahualpa. Atahualpa was attacked by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Commander, on November 15, 1532. In the Battle, all but 2000 including Atahualpa, the ruler of Inca, dead and almost 5000 were prisons by Spanish Soldier.
7. The Battle of Gaugamela: 331 BC
The Battle of Arebela is another name of the Battle of Gaugamela. The battle was one of the crucial battles of Alexander the Great’s takeover of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Due to superior and courage of the Army of Alexander the Great, he got the victory against the Persian Empire. By the Battle, Alexander gained Babylon, half of the Persia.
8. The Battle of Gettysburg: 1863
The Battle of Gettysburg is another civil war in American history like The Battle of Antietam. The Battle fought from on 1 July to July 3 in 1863 during the ruled of president Abraham Lincoln in Gettysburg, Adams Country, Pennsylvania. The battle’s casualties, in both of groups, were all but 23,049 among 3,155 was killed, 14,529 was wounded and 5,365 was captured and missed.
9. The Battle of Gravelines: 1588
‘Defeat of the Great and mighty Spanish Armada’ is well known of the Battle of Gravelines that occurred between Spain and England. Queen Elizabeth I of England decided to fight off against the Duke of Medina. In the Battle Spanish invasion was the failure and Protestant propaganda was the victory by the help of Queen Elizabeth I of England. In the Battle overall 35 ships sunk and 20,000 soldiers died.
10. The Battle of Hastings: 1066 AD
Numerous competitor laid claim to the throne of England after the death of King Edward’s on 5 January in 1066. But Harold Godwinson soon crowned the heir. However, The battle of Hastings was held against the William the Duke of Normandy in 1066. And the Anglo Saxon King Harold Godwinson defeated the battle. And the Duke of Normandy conquered the Throne.
11. The Battle of Leipzig: 1813
The Battle of Leipzig is also called the Battle of the Nations. The battle was fought between, allied armies include Sweden, Russia, Austria, and Prussia led by Alexander I, against the French troops of Napolean include Polish, Italian, and German. All but 600,000 soldiers were involved in the battle. All but 54,000 were killed in the side of Allied troops and 73,000 were killed in the side of Napolean. The battle was one of the destroying battles in the history.
12. The Battle of Naseby: 1645
The Battle of Naseby is the battle between Parliamentarians and Royalists. It was the first Civil War in England history. The Parliamentarians army led by Oliver Cromwell and Sir Thomas Fairfax. In the battle King Charles I was defeated and hanged by the ruled of Parliamentarians in public. if though Royalists back the power after the few years of the battle due to internal quarreling of Parliamentarians.
13. The Battle of Pharsalus: 48 BC
The Battle of Pharsalus was fought between two skilled and great military commander who were allies once. Pompey the Great or Pompey Magnus, the senators of Roman, and Gaius Julius Caesar. The significance of the battle that by defeating Julias Ceasar, the Roman Republic became the Empire. It was the crucial Civil War in history.
14. The Battle of Tours: 732 AD
The Battle of Tours is also called the battle of the Highway of the Martyrs or the Battle of Poitiers on 10 October in 732 AD. The battle was fought due to the spread of religious imperialism of Islam. The commanders of the Battle were Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, the side of Umayyad Caliphate, and Charles Martel, the side of Kingdom of Franks. In the battle, Abdur Rahman Al Ghafiqui was defeated and killed by the Charles Martel.
15. The Battle of Trafalgar: 1805
The war between the British Royal Navy against the French and Spanish Navies is called the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October in 1805. French Empire Napolean Bonaparte wanted to dominate the whole European continent while the British Royal Navy controlled the Seas. By the deadly courageous of Admiral Horatio Nelson, the British won the battle. Though the British Navy lost many include Nelson, they were able to establish naval supreme in the sea.
16. The Battle of Yorktown: 1781
The Battle of Yorktown is better known as Siege of Yorktown. The Battle kicked off between allied forces of American troops and French Army against the British Army include German troops on 19 October 1781. The battle led by George Washington, later he was the president of America, and Lord Cornwallis, the British Side. The battle was deceived France American Victory.
17. The Battle of Zama: 202 BC
The Battle of Zama (present Tunisia) is one of the ancient historical battles which fought between The republic of Roman and Carthaginian in 202 BC. Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus led the Roman army. On the other hand, the Carthaginian army led by Commander Hannibal. Hannibal was able to defend his country about 16 years from the Romans. The casualties and losses were huge. About 1,500 to 2,500 soldiers were killed in the Roman side. About 2500+ was killed in Numidians killed, they were the side of Roman. And More than 20,000 soldiers were killed in the side of Carthaginian.
18. The Battles of Lexington and Concord: 1775
The Battles of Lexington and Concord is the first military battle of the American Revolutionary War on 19 April 1775 in Massachusetts between the towns of Lexington and Concord. General Thomas Gage led all but 700 British Soldiers. They captured Samuel Adams and John Hancock, American patriots, and damaged their armory. However, Ending the Battle, America got Independence from the British rule on July 4, 1776.
19. The Siege of Orleans: 1428 – 1429
Hundreds Years War between French and the British is the most crucial and panicked Battle among the Battles over the World. The Siege of Orleans was on the part of Hundreds Years War. In the Battle, Joan of Arc (Maid of Orleans) led the French Army. And the Battle was the first victory of her. The Battle was mostly famous because Joan of Arc had rescued her country, though about 6,000 soldiers were killed from both sides.
20. The Siege of Vienna: 1529
The Siege of Vienna is the battle between the Holy Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire in Vienna on 27 September to 15 October 1529. Led by the Niklas Graf Salm and Suleiman the Magnificent. Though Suleiman the Magnificent had 1,20,000 to 1,25,000 Soldiers, they lost and withdraw themselves from the Battle. If though, the Holy Roman Empire had shortage soldiers than Ottoman Empire, They won the battle because of some natural and hostage advantages such as razing buildings and residence, fortifying of walls and cold winds of Vienna.