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Those 20 Animals That Have Gone Extinct In The Last 100 Years

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Destruction is a natural process in the world.  Do you like animals? Some common species used to become extinct within 10 million years of its first image but now, the planet is bursting at the seams with over 7 billion humans. 

Many species are losing to occur at the rate more than 1,000 times greater than it could be without our contribution.

In addition to that, human expansion, victim, climate changes, the destruction of natural habits, pollution, and other factors are the fact of losing many animals every year.

Here is a list of those 20 animals that have gone extinct in the last 100 years.

1. Baiji

Baiji

Baiji was one of the uncommon animal species in the world. It was known by many other names like Yangtze River dolphin, Chinese river dolphin, Yangtze dolphin or whitefin dolphin.

Huge china industrializes, transportation, heavy use of the river for fishing and hydroelectricity contributed to the Baiji drastic population drop in the 1970s. In the last, a living Baiji called Qiqi died in 2002.

2. Black-faced honeycreeper

Black-faced honeycreeper

Black-faced honeycreeper was a small bird and sometimes referred to as Po Ouli.  The black-faced honeycreeper was first discovered in 1973.

Since then, we only knew about the existence of this bird. After 40 years this honeycreeper species was seen alive.

3. Canary Islands oystercatcher

Canary Islands oystercatcher

Canary Islands oystercatcher was a shorebird measuring up to 45 cm (17 inches) in length. This bird was officially declared extinct in 1994.

Excessive commercial fishing depleted the bird’s natural source of food as well as led to its ultimate destruction. They were endemic to the Fuerteventura as well as Lanzarote in the Canary Islands, Spain.

4. Caribbean monk seal

Caribbean monk seal

The Caribbean monk seal was known as the biggest seal species native to the Caribbean. Wolf was the nickname of this animal. To produce oil and food source are the main cause of over-hunting.

This is the main reason for species’ extinction. In 1952, the last confirmed sighting Caribbean monk seal but it was not until 2008 when the wolf was officially declared extinct.

Some living specimens of the species failed to find any survivors after an exhaustive five-year search.    

5. Caspian tiger

Caspian tiger

The Caspian tiger was a large and most powerful tiger species, found the Caspian sea, from Turkey through Iran up to china. 

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It was also known as the Turan tiger and the Persian tiger. Due to massive hunting, habitat loss and other factors caused the extinction of this animal in the 1970s.

6. Chinese paddlefish

Chinese paddlefish

Chinese paddlefish is considered as the elephant fish. It is the largest fish among the biggest freshwater fishes.

Due to the natural habitat, Uncontrolled overfishing and destruction of the species’ this fish critically endangered in the 1980s. In 2003, the last confirmed sighting of the fish occurred on the Yangtze River, China.

7. Dusky seaside sparrow

Dusky seaside sparrow

Dusky seaside sparrow was identified as a non-migratory subspecies of the seaside sparrow. It is native to salt marshes of Merritt Island and along the st. Johns River, Florida.

The birds’ drastic population drop in the 1980s, due to many factors such as international floods, usages of pesticides and destruction of the environment for the purpose of highway construction. According to the animals’ research, the last specimen died in June 1987.

8. Formosan clouded leopard

Formosan clouded leopard

The Formosan clouded leopard was a rare Asian Cat, a subspecies of a clouded leopard.

The Formosan clouded leopard was considered to be the evolutionary link between the big and small cats. Once they were local to Taiwan.

9. Golden toad

Golden toad

The golden toad was a small animal, commonly found in a small, high-altitude region north of the city of Monteverde, Costa Rica.

It can grow up to 5 centimeters (2 inches) long. The last living specimen of this species was found on May 1989.

Since then, there was no evidence of the golden toad has been founded. A chytrid fungus and extensive habitat loss are the main reason for losing these animals.

10. Guam flying fox

Guam flying fox

The Guam flying fox was considered as a large bat native to Guam in the Marianas Islands.

It was also known as the little Marianas fruit bat. The Guam flying fox reached a wingspan of about 70 cm (28 inches) and a length of about 15 cm (6 inches). There are no confirmed records about this animal but now listed as an extinct species.

11. Javan tiger

Javan tiger

Javan tiger was a very small subspecies of tiger and commonly found on the Indonesian island.  The population of the Island extended multiple times during the 20th century.

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Leading to an extensive cleaning of the forests which were converted into arable land as well as the rice field. Poaching and pollution also contributed to the loss of the species.

12. Mariana mallard

Mariana mallard

Mariana mallards are considered as the Oustalet’s duck. Basically, they are extinct kind of duck once endemic to the Mariana Islands and an archipelago in the north-western Pacific Ocean.

These kinds of hunting duck damage to the Islands during world war II. This war was the main reason for extinction ducks.

13. Norflok boobook

Norflok boobook

Norfolk boobook was an owl endemic to Norfolk Island. It was also known as the Norfolk Island owl and an Australian territory between Australia and New Zealand.

A combination of factors including modification of forest habitat, decontamination contributed to the birds’ drastic population drop in 1986, only one female was left.

14. Pinta Island tortoise

Pinta Island tortoise

The Pinta Island tortoise was a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise. It was considered as a large tortoise that lived on Pinta Island, Ecuador.

In the middle of the 20th century, it was found that the species was extinct due to overhunting. In 1971 only a male was found.

15. Pyrenean ibex

Pyrenean ibex

Pyrenean ibex was one of four subspecies of the Spanish index or Iberian wild goat. According to the ancient animal report, these wild goats were very abundant in the Pyrenees region. Unfortunately, the ratio of these animals was decreased in the 19th and 20th centuries due to shooting.

In the 20th century, only a small population survived in the area. The very last specimen was found dead in 2000.

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16. San Quintin kangaroo rat

San Quintin kangaroo rat

San Quintin kangaroo rat was a small rodent, generally, live in hot deserts. The natural habitat has been converted to agriculture land, which was the main reason for losing this kind of animal. 

According to animal research, once endemic to western Baja Califonia, Mexico. In spite of the intensive efforts, San Quintin kangaroo rat didn’t found since 1986.

7. Smith Island cottontail

Smith Island cottontail

Do you like small animals? Smith Island cottontail was a very clever small animal and known as a rabbit species native to the Delmarva Peninsula in Virginia.

They were generally found in the brush as well as grassy areas, such as thickets of myrtle and poison ivy, in marsh borders, and something in pine forests. Smith Island cottontail was about 50 cm long and weighed up to 1.5 kilograms.

18. Tecopa pupfish

Tecopa pupfish

The Tecopa pupfish was a tiny fish but it was capable of surviving water temperatures of over 43 C (110 F). They can grow up to 4 centimeters (1.5 inches) long heat-tolerant fish.  Once native to the outflows of a pair of hot springs in the Mojave Desert, California.

Although it was a flexible animal, it couldn’t handle vicious human activities and associated habitat remains in the region. The species was reported extinct in1981.

19. Vietnamese rhinoceros

Vietnamese rhinoceros

There was a single population of the species in 2006 and estimated at fewer than 10 remaining specimens. They were living in an area of lowland forest in the Cat Tien National park in Vietnam.

It is a close relative to the critically threatened Javan rhino and the Vietnamese rhino was once plentiful in Southeast Asia. Sadly, the last person of this population was shot by a poacher in 2010.

20. Western black rhino

Western black rhino

The western black rhino is a subspecies of the black rhinoceros, found in many African countries including Angola, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, Chad, Rwanda, Zambia, Botswana.

The western black rhino was reckless shooting and poaching reduced the population of this amazing animal to just a few last specimens by 2000. Lastly, this animal was declared extinct in 2011.

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Corey J. Ye is a technology/travel writer/photographer based in Los Angeles. For most of the year, he is a digital nomad who works while traveling around the world. Before going out to nature, he was editor in chief of the animal magazine and former technical editor of the Home Animal Magazine.

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